Changes in income poverty and deprivation over time : a comparison of eight European countries from the mid-eighties to the mid-nineties with special attention to the situation of the unemployed

All-over in Europe, unemployment became a growing problem from the mid 1980s to the mid 1990s. Nevertheless, the effects on the economical situation of the unemployed and the whole population are quite different in Europ
All-over in Europe, unemployment became a growing problem from the mid 1980s to the mid 1990s. Nevertheless, the effects on the economical situation of the unemployed and the whole population are quite different in European countries. In this paper we first give a brief overview over the development of unemployment rates in eight member states of the European Union and over the different reactions to provide the social protection of the unemployed. Therefore we look at the social security expenditures, the level of income replacement for the unemployed and recent social policy reforms concerning them. In the second section of the paper, we examine the development of income distribution and poverty taking different poverty lines into consideration. There is no general pattern neither for the relationship of inequality among the unemployed to the whole economically active population nor for the development from the 80s to the 90s. But one can say that in countries with increasing income inequality also poverty is rising (especially in the UK) and that where inequality among the unemployed is less pronounced the proportions of the poor went down from the mid 80s to the mid 90s (France and Ireland). In nearly all countries the risk of being poor is ernormously high for the unemployed, Denmark is the only exception.
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Metadaten
Author:Richard Hauser, Brian Nolan
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30-79595
Series (Serial Number):Arbeitspapiere des EVS-Projekts Personelle Einkommensverteilung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (21)
Place of publication:Frankfurt am Main
Document Type:Working Paper
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2011/03/01
Year of first Publication:1999
Publishing Institution:Univ.-Bibliothek Frankfurt am Main
Release Date:2011/03/01
Note:
Auch als: Working paper / EPUSE ; 3
Source:Frankfurt am Main : Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Univ., Fachbereich Wirtschaftswiss., Inst. für Volkswirtschaftslehre
HeBIS PPN:232020949
Institutes:Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Wirtschaft
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License Logo Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

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