Electron-translation effects in heavy-ion scattering

The origin and importance of electron-translation effects within a molecular description of electronic excitations in heavy-ion collisions is investigated. First, a fully consistent quantum-mechanical description of the 
The origin and importance of electron-translation effects within a molecular description of electronic excitations in heavy-ion collisions is investigated. First, a fully consistent quantum-mechanical description of the scattering process is developed; the electrons are described by relativistic molecular orbitals, while the nuclear motion is approximated nonrelativistically. Leaving the quantum-mechanical level by using the semiclassical approximation for the nuclear motion, a set of coupled differential equations for the occupation amplitudes of the molecular orbitals is derived. In these coupled-channel equations the spurious asymptotic dynamical couplings are corrected for by additional matrix elements stemming from the electron translation. Hence, a molecular description of electronic excitations in heavy-ion scattering has been achieved, which is free from the spurious asymptotic couplings of the conventional perturbated stationary-state approach. The importance of electron-translation effects for continuum electrons and positrons is investigated. To this end an algorithm for the description of continuum electrons is proposed, which for the first time should allow for the calculation of angular distributions for δ electrons. Finally, the practical consequences of electron-translation effects are studied by calculating the corrected coupling matrix elements for the Pb-Cm system and comparing the corresponding K-vacancy probabilities with conventional calculations. We critically discuss conventional methods for cutting off the coupling matrix elements in coupled-channel calculations.
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Metadaten
Author:Ulrich Heinz, Walter Greiner, Berndt Müller
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30-29152
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2006/06/30
Year of first Publication:1981
Publishing Institution:Univ.-Bibliothek Frankfurt am Main
Release Date:2006/06/30
Source:Phys. Rev. A 23, 562~V596 (1981), ©1981 The American Physical Society, http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRA/v23/p562
HeBIS PPN:187227284
Institutes:Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physik
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License Logo Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

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