Detectability of strange matter in heavy ion experiments

We discuss the properties of two distinct forms of hypothetical strange matter, small lumps of strange quark matter (strangelets) and of hyperon matter (metastable exotic multihypernuclear objects: MEMOs), with special e
We discuss the properties of two distinct forms of hypothetical strange matter, small lumps of strange quark matter (strangelets) and of hyperon matter (metastable exotic multihypernuclear objects: MEMOs), with special empha- sis on their relevance for present and future heavy ion experiments. The masses of small strangelets up to AB = 40 are calculated using the MIT bag model with shell mode filling for various bag parameters. The strangelets are checked for possible strong and weak hadronic decays, also taking into account multiple hadron decays. It is found that strangelets which are stable against strong decay are most likely highly negative charged, contrary to previous findings. Strangelets can be stable against weak hadronic decay but their masses and charges are still rather high. This has serious impact on the present high sensitivity searches in heavy ion experiments at the AGS and CERN facilities. On the other hand, highly charged MEMOs are predicted on the basis of an extended relativistic mean field model. Those objects could be detected in future experiments searching for short lived, rare composites. It is demonstrated that future experiments can be sensitive to a much wider variety of strangelets.
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Metadaten
Author:Jürgen Schaffner-Bielich, Carsten Greiner, Alexander Diener, Horst Stöcker
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30-23993
ArXiv Id:http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/9611052
Document Type:Preprint
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2006/01/19
Year of first Publication:1996
Publishing Institution:Univ.-Bibliothek Frankfurt am Main
Release Date:2006/01/19
Tag:Kollisionen schwerer Ionen; LHC; MEMOs; RHIC
LHC; MEMOs; RHIC; heavy ion collisions
Source:Phys.Rev.C55:3038-3046,1997. ; http://arxiv.org/abs/nucl-th/9611052
HeBIS PPN:185222919
Institutes:Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physik
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License Logo Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

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