Pion and Strangeness Production as Signals of QCD Phase Transition

It is shown that data on pion and strangeness production in central nucleus-nucleus collisions are consistent with the hypothesis of a Quark Gluon Plasma formation between 15 A GeV/c (BNL AGS) and 160 A GeV/c (CERN SPS) 
It is shown that data on pion and strangeness production in central nucleus-nucleus collisions are consistent with the hypothesis of a Quark Gluon Plasma formation between 15 A GeV/c (BNL AGS) and 160 A GeV/c (CERN SPS) collision energies. The experimental results interpreted in the framework of a statistical approach indicate that the effective number of degrees of freedom increases by a factor of about 3 in the course of the phase transition and that the plasma created at CERN SPS energy may have a temperature of about 280 MeV (energy density $\approx$ 10 GeV/fm^3). Experimental studies of central Pb+Pb collisions in the energy range 20-160 A GeV/c are urgently needed in order to localize the threshold energy, and study the properties of the QCD phase transition.
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Metadaten
Author:Marek Gazdzicki
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30-17180
Document Type:Preprint
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2005/09/30
Year of first Publication:1997
Publishing Institution:Univ.-Bibliothek Frankfurt am Main
Release Date:2005/09/30
HeBIS PPN:185274226
Institutes:Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physik
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License Logo Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen

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