Year of publication
- Nuclear shock waves in heavy-ion collisions (1974)
- It is shown that nuclear matter is compressed during the encounter of heavy ions. If the relative velocity of the nuclei is larger than the velocity of first sound in nuclear matter (compression sound for isospin T=0), nuclear shock waves occur. They lead to densities which are 3-5 times higher than the nuclear equilibrium density ρ0, depending on the energy of the nuclei. The implications of this phenomenon are discussed.
- Theory of charge dispersion in nuclear fission (1975)
- By introducing charge asymmetry as a new dynamical collective coordinate in the asymmetric two-center shell model, the nuclear charge dispersion in the fission of 236U is calculated without using any free parameter. The agreement between theory and experiment is quite good.
- Quasimolecular structure in elastic O16 + O16 scattering (1970)
- It is suggested that the experimentally observed intermediate structure in the cross section of elastic O16 + O16 scattering is due to quasibound molecular states of the ion-ion system while the gross structure originates from virtually bound molecular states.
- Ion-ion potentials and the compressibility of nuclear matter (1968)
- With a schematic model for the nuclear matter we give a unified treatment of the real and imaginary parts of the elastic O16-O16 scattering potential. The model connects the parameters of the potential with the density and binding properties of the O16-O16 system and reproduces the structure of the excitation function quite well. It is shown that the nuclear compressibility can be obtained from the scattering data, and in the case of the S32 compound system there results an effective compressibility (finite quenching of the nuclei) of about 200 MeV.
- Possibility of detecting density isomers in high-density nuclear mach shock waves (1976)
- Up to now no experimentally feasible method for detecting abnormal nuclear states has been known. We propose to observe them in high-energy heavy-ion collisions through the disappearance of, or irregularities in, high-density nuclear Mach shock phenomena.