Regional climate projections in two alpine river basins: Upper Danube and Upper Brahmaputra
- Projections from coarse-grid global circulation models are not suitable for regional estimates of water balance or trends of extreme precipitation and temperature, especially not in complex terrain. Thus, downscaling of global to regionally resolved projections is necessary to provide input to integrated water resources management approaches for river basins like the Upper Danube River Basin (UDRB) and the Upper Brahmaputra River Basin (UBRB).
This paper discusses the application of the regional climate model COSMO-CLM as a dynamical downscaling tool. To provide accurate data the COSMO-CLM model output was post-processed by statistical means. This downscaling chain performs well in the baseline period 1971 to 2000. However, COSMO-CLM performs better in the UDRB than in the UBRB because of a longer application experience and a less complex climate in Europe.
Different climate change scenarios were downscaled for the time period 1960–2100. The projections show an increase of temperature in both basins and for all seasons. The values are generally higher in the UBRB with the highest values occurring in the region of the Tibetan Plateau. Annual precipitation shows no substantial change. However, seasonal amounts show clear trends, for instance an increasing amount of spring precipitation in the UDRB. Again, the largest trends for different precipitation statistics are projected in the region of the Tibetan Plateau. Here, the projections show up to 50% longer dry periods in the months June to September with a simultaneous increase of about 10% for the maximum amount of precipitation on five consecutive days. For the Assam region in India, the projections also show an increase of 25% in the number of consecutive dry days during the monsoon season leading to prolonged monsoon breaks.
kurz und kn@pp news : Nr. 22
- * Akkreditierung akademischer Forschungspraxen
* International Workshop on Collaborative Strategies in Multimorbidity
* Neukonzeption des Seminars Allgemeinmedizin
* Neues von der Arbeitsgruppe WiForMFA
* Onkologie in der Hausarztpraxis
kurz und kn@pp news : Nr. 23
- * PICANT-Studie
* Bundesweite Studie zur Berufszufriedenheit von Medizinischen Fachangestellten
* Patientensicherheitskultur in Hausarztpraxen
* Neue Professur im Institut für Allgemeinmedizin
Review of: Susanne Schröter (ed.): Christianity in Indonesia: Perspectives of Power
Annual Report 2009/10 / Interdisciplinary Centre for East Asian Studies
Tätigkeitsbericht 2009/10 / IZO - Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Ostasienstudien
Tätigkeitsbericht 2010/11 / IZO - Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Ostasienstudien = Annual Report 2010/11 / Interdisciplinary Centre for East Asian Studies
Towards corrections to the strong coupling limit of staggered lattice QCD : the XXIX International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory - Lattice 2011, July 10 - 16, 2011, Squaw Valley, Lake Tahoe, California
Philippe de Forcrand
- We report on the first steps of an ongoing project to add gauge observables and gauge corrections
to the well-studied strong coupling limit of staggered lattice QCD, which has been shown earlier
to be amenable to numerical simulations by the worm algorithm in the chiral limit and at finite
density. Here we show how to evaluate the expectation value of the Polyakov loop in the framework
of the strong coupling limit at finite temperature, allowing to study confinement properties
along with those of chiral symmetry breaking. We find the Polyakov loop to rise smoothly, thus
signalling deconfinement. The non-analytic nature of the chiral phase transition is reflected in the
derivative of the Polyakov loop. We also discuss how to construct an effective theory for non-zero
lattice coupling, which is valid to O(b).
Implications on the collision dynamics via azimuthal sensitive HBT from UrQMD : the Seventh Workshop on Particle Correlations and Femtoscopy, September 20 - 24 2011, University of Tokyo, Japan
Michael Annan Lisa
- We explore the shape and orientation of the freezeout region of non-central heavy ion collisions.
For this we fit the freezeout distribution with a tilted ellipsoid. The resulting tilt angle is compared
to the same tilt angle extracted via an azimuthally sensitive HBT analysis. This allows to access
the tilt angle experimentally, which is not possible directly from the freezeout distribution. We
also show a systematic study on the system decoupling time dependence on dNch/dh, using HBT
results from the UrQMD transport model. In this study we found that the decoupling time scales
with (dNch/dh)1/3 within each energy, but the scaling is broken across energies.
Effective theory for QCD at finite temperature and density from strong coupling expansion
- QCD at finite temperature and denisty remains intractable by Monte Carlo simulations for quark
chemical potentials m >∼T. It has been a long standing problem to derive effective theories from
QCD which describe the phase structure of the former with controlled errors. We propose a
solution to this problem by a combination of analytical and numerical methods. Starting from
lattice QCD with in Wilson’s formulation, we derive an effective action in terms of Polyakov
loops by means of combined strong coupling and hopping expansions. The theory correctly
reflects the centre-symmetry in the pure gauge limit and its breaking through quarks. It is valid
for heavy quarks and lattices up to Nt ∼ 6. Its sign problem can be solved and we are able to
calculate the deconfinement transition of QCD with heavy quarks for all chemical potentials.