- Center for Financial Studies (CFS) (646)
The impact of macroeconomic news on quote adjustments, noise, and informational volatility
- We study the impact of the arrival of macroeconomic news on the informational and noise-driven components in high-frequency quote processes and their conditional variances. Bid and ask returns are decomposed into a common ("efficient return") factor and two market-side-specific components capturing market microstructure effects. The corresponding variance components reflect information-driven and noise-induced volatilities. We find that all volatility components reveal distinct dynamics and are positively influenced by news. The proportion of noise-induced variances is highest before announcements and significantly declines thereafter. Moreover, news-affected responses in all volatility components are influenced by order flow imbalances. JEL Classification: C32, G14, E44 Keywords: Efficient Return, Macroeconomic Announcements, Microstructure Noise, Informational Volatility.
Algorithmic trading engines versus human traders – do they behave different in securities markets?
- After exchanges and alternative trading venues have introduced electronic execution mechanisms worldwide, the focus of the securities trading industry shifted to the use of fully electronic trading engines by banks, brokers and their institutional customers. These Algorithmic Trading engines enable order submissions without human intervention based on quantitative models applying historical and real-time market data. Although there is a widespread discussion on the pros and cons of Algorithmic Trading and on its impact on market volatility and market quality, little is known on how algorithms actually place their orders in the market and whether and in which respect this differs form other order submissions. Based on a dataset that – for the first time – includes a specific flag to enable the identification of orders submitted by Algorithmic Trading engines, the paper investigates the extent of Algorithmic Trading activity and specifically their order placement strategies in comparison to human traders in the Xetra trading system. It is shown that Algorithmic Trading has become a relevant part of overall market activity and that Algorithmic Trading engines fundamentally differ from human traders in their order submission, modification and deletion behavior as they exploit real-time market data and latest market movements. JEL Classification: D0
CDOs and systematic risk : why bond ratings are inadequate
Jan Pieter Krahnen
- This paper analyzes the risk properties of typical asset-backed securities (ABS), like CDOs or MBS, relying on a model with both macroeconomic and idiosyncratic components. The examined properties include expected loss, loss given default, and macro factor dependencies. Using a two-dimensional loss decomposition as a new metric, the risk properties of individual ABS tranches can directly be compared to those of corporate bonds, within and across rating classes. By applying Monte Carlo Simulation, we find that the risk properties of ABS differ significantly and systematically from those of straight bonds with the same rating. In particular, loss given default, the sensitivities to macroeconomic risk, and model risk differ greatly between instruments. Our findings have implications for understanding the credit crisis and for policy making. On an economic level, our analysis suggests a new explanation for the observed rating inflation in structured finance markets during the pre-crisis period 2004-2007. On a policy level, our findings call for a termination of the 'one-size-fits-all' approach to the rating methodology for fixed income instruments, requiring an own rating methodology for structured finance instruments. JEL Classification: G21, G28
SAFE Newsletter : 2013, Q4
SAFE Newsletter : 2013, Q3
- Research: Joachim Weber, Benjamin Loos, Steffen Meyer, Andreas Hackethal "Individual Investors' Trading Motives and Security Selling Behavior"
Ignazio Angeloni, Ester Faia "Monetary Policy and Prudential Regulations with Bank Runs"
Helmut Siekmann "Legal Limits to Quantitative Easing"
Policy Margit Vanberg "SAFE Summer Academy 2013 on 'International Financial Stability'"
Guest Commentary Peter Praet "Cooperation between the ECB and Academia"
SAFE Newsletter : 2013, Q2
SAFE Newsletter : 2013, Q1
News : 2012 / Center for Financial Studies
News : 2/11 / Center for Financial Studies
- Editorial Prodigal Italy Greece Spain? Events 01
DB Prize 2011: Award Ceremony in honor of Kenneth Rogoff 02
DB Prize 2011: CFS Symposium in honor of Kenneth Rogoff 03
Is the Euro Zone on its Way to Fiscal Union? 04
CFS Visitors Program - Pistaferri 05
Krugman’s Perspective on the Crisis 06
IMF Post-Annual Meetings Policy Discussion 07
International Conference on Payout Policy – Foundations and Trends 08
MONFISPOL – Final conference 09
CFS - EIEF Conference on Household Finance
News : 1/11 / Center for Financial Studies
- Research and Policy 3 ; CFS Publications 3 ; CFS Financial Center Index 10 ; Events 12 ; CFS Visitors Program 12 ; CFS Colloquium 13 ; CFS Lectures 14 ; The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics 22 ; The ECB and Its Watchers 25 ; News from CFS 27