Essays on banking and financial markets
- In this thesis the behavior of banks in financial markets which banks frequently use to obtain short-term as well as long-term financing is studied. In the first chapter we incorporate an interbank market for collateralized lending among banks into a dynamic, stochastic, general equilibrium (DSGE) framework to analyze the impact of variations in the expected value of the collateral on the interbank lending volume. We find that a central bank which decides to lower the haircut on eligible collateral in repurchase agreements is able to stimulate interbank markets. In the second chapter a microeconomic model of bank behavior on the interbank market is set up to analyze the impact of risk-taking behavior of interbank borrowing banks and uncertainty about their balance sheet quality on the lending behavior of interbank lending banks. It is found that the disruptions on the interbank market are the result of optimal behavior on the part of interbank lending banks in response to the uncertainty about the balance sheet quality of an interbank borrowing bank. In the third chapter we use monthly data on German bank bond spreads and regress it on bank-specific risk factors to assess the degree of market discipline in the German bank bond market. The regression results for the whole German bank bond market indicate that the bond spread does not show signs of market discipline. However, a structural break analysis uncovers that since the beginning of the financial crisis the German bank bond market exhibits at least a weak form of market discipline for bonds issued by medium-size and large banks.