New records of biting midges of the genus Culicoides Latreille from Mexico (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
M. Rodríguez Castrejón
William L Grogan Jr.
- We provide the first records of six species of biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in the genus
Culicoides Latreille from Mexico: C. baueri Hoffman, C. castillae Fox, C. debilipalpis Lutz, C. iriartei Fox, C. leoni
Barbosa and C. pusilloides Wirth and Blanton. In addition, C. leopoldoi Ortiz is confirmed from Mexico, and new
records are included for 25 other species previously recorded in Mexico: C. arubae Fox and Hoffman, C. blantoni Vargas
and Wirth, C. crepuscularis Malloch, C. daedalus Macfie, C. diabolicus Hoffman, C. foxi Ortiz, C. furens (Poey), C.
gabaldoni Ortiz, C. haematopotus Malloch, C. hylas Macfie, C. insignis Lutz, C. jamaicensis Edwards, C. luteovenus
Root and Hoffman, C. neopulicaris Wirth, C. nigrigenus Wirth and Blanton, C. pampoikilus Macfie, C. panamensis
Barbosa, C. paraensis (Goeldi), C. phlebotomus (Williston), C. poikilonotus Macfie, C. pusillus Lutz, C. stigmalis Wirth,
and all three species in the C. (Monoculicoides) variipennis complex, C. variipennis (Coquillett), C. occidentalis Wirth
and Jones, and C. sonorensis Wirth and Jones.
A summary of the endemic beetle genera of the West Indies (Insecta: Coleoptera); bioindicators of the evolutionary richness of this Neotropical archipelago
Stewart B. Peck
Daniel E. Perez-Gelabert
- The Caribbean Islands (or the West Indies) are recognized as one of the leading global biodiversity hot
spots. This is based on data on species, genus, and family diversity for vascular plants and non-marine vertebrates. This
paper presents data on genus level endemicity for the most speciose (but less well publicised) group of terrestrial
animals: the beetles, with 205 genera (in 25 families) now recognized as being endemic (restricted) to the West Indies.
The predominant families with endemic genera are Cerambycidae (41), Chrysomelidae (28), Curculionidae (26), and
Staphylinidae (25). This high level of beetle generic endemicity can be extrapolated to suggest that a total of about
700 genera of all insects could be endemic to the West Indies. This far surpasses the total of 269 endemic genera of all
plants and non-marine vertebrates, and reinforces the biodiversity richness of the insect fauna of the West Indies.
A new species of Chrysina Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) from Oaxaca, Mexico
José Monzón Sierra
- Chrysina arellanoi new species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) is described from the southernmost
part of the Sierra Madre del Sur in Oaxaca, Mexico
First record of Megischus brunneus Cresson, 1865 (Hymenoptera: Stephanidae) from Hispaniola, the Antilles
Julio A. Genaro
- The occurrence of Megischus brunneus Cresson (Hymenoptera: Stephanidae) is recorded for the first time
from Hispaniola, the Antilles. The species was previously known from southern Florida and Cuba. This finding further
demonstrates the similarities between the Cuban and Hispaniolan biota.
Taxonomic notes on Onthophagus (Palaeonthophagus) lemuroides d’Orbigny, 1898 and O. (P.) fortigibber Reitter, 1909 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Onthophagini)
- The taxonomic position of Onthophagus (Palaeonthophagus) lemuroides d’Orbigny, 1898 and Onthophagus
(Palaeonthophagus) fortigibber Reitter, 1909 is discussed (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Onthophagini).
A key to the species is given. Photos of type specimens of the two taxa and significant chromatic varieties, and
drawings of aedeagi are presented.
A new genus and species of armored scale insect (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) from Australia found in the historic Koebele Collection of the California Academy of Sciences
John W. Dooley III
Gregory A. Evans
- A new genus and species of armored scale insect (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), Protomorgania koebelei
Dooley and Evans, is described and illustrated from specimens collected by Albert Koebele on Pittosporum sp.
(Pittosporaceae) in Australia around the year 1900. A key to the genera of armored scale insects similar to Protomorgania
and known to occur in Australia is provided.
A preliminary report on the World species of Bemisia Quaintance and Baker and its congeners (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) with a comparative analysis of morphological variation and its role in the recognition of species
- Extreme economic effects globally of various populations of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)
(Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) led to an in depth study of the morphology of that species as well as that of
numerous other species of whiteflies in the genus Bemisia Quaintance and Baker and other similar appearing
species. The data collected are presented here as illustrations of the puparia (fourth instar nymphal stages)
and discussions of morphology as it relates to species and generic separations within this closely knit group
of insects. A brief history of the pest outbreaks of B. tabaci is given and an overview of the important
morphological characteristics of aleyrodine whiteflies is provided. Each of the eighty illustrations is
accompanied by a discussion of the more important aspects of morphology.
Description of the female of Malukandra heterostyla (Lameere, 1902) (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Parandrinae)
- The female of Malukandra heterostyla (Lameere, 1902) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is described and
figured for the first time. An identification key to Malukandra is provided.
Notes on distribution and hosts of Hylesinus mexicanus (Wood) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), a pest on Olea europaea Linnaeus
Jesús N. Rómero
Thomas H. Atkinson
- Significant new host and distribution records are presented for Hylesinus mexicanus (Wood) (Coleoptera:
Curculionidae: Scolytinae), including its pest potential on cultivated olives. Hylesinus mexicanus is similar to H.
fasciatus LeConte and information presented here suggests that the distinctiveness of these two species needs to be
New species, records, and a synonymy of African Sisyridae (Neuroptera)
Oliver S. Flint, Jr.
- Two species of the genus Sisyra Burmeister (Neuroptera: Sisyridae), S. cameroonensis, n. sp., and S.
gruwelli, n. sp., are described from the African Republic of Cameroon. Sisyra pallida Meinander is synonymized with
Sisyra delicata Smithers, new synonymy, after comparison of the types of the former with topotypic paratypes of the
latter. Type material of Sisyra nilotica Tjeder appears to be lost. Examples of Sisyra are recorded from Nigeria,
Ethiopia and Uganda. A second species of the endemic African genus, Sisyborina, Monserrat, S. scitula, n. sp., is
described from Cameroon, Guinea, and Zambia.